The big cryptocurrency global brands include Bitcoin, Litecoin, XRP, Dash, Lisk and Monero, but Bitcoin leads the pack in Africa. Created in 2009 by a person or people with the alias Satoshi Nakamoto, investors hope Bitcoin becomes the new mode of financial transaction in the digital age.
Cryptocurrency is not bound by geography because it is internet based; its transactions are stored in a database called blockchain, which is a group of connected computers that record transactions in a ledger in real time.
Mr. Sharma says that citizens of countries battling high inflation are likely to opt for cryptocurrency, because “with their paradigm of decentralization, cryptocurrencies offer an alternative to disastrous central bank policies.”
Interest in cryptocurrency, a form of digital currency, is growing steadily in Africa. Some economists say it is a disruptive innovation that will blossom on the continent.
” Africa is rarely mentioned among the largest markets for cryptocurrency, but it may be set to steal a march over other markets,” says Rakesh Sharma, a business and technology journalist.
The difference between cryptocurrency and, say, Visa or Mastercard, is that a cryptocurrency is not now regulated by government and doesn’t need middlemen, and transactions rely on the internet, which means they can happen anywhere in the world.
Stealing a march
There will be 725 million mobile phone subscribers in Africa by 2020, according to the GSM Association, which represents the interests of mobile operators globally. That means more Africans will have the tools to plug into the cryptocurrency ecosystem, says Mr. Sharma.
South Sudan’s inflation rate was 102% between September 2016 and September 2017, according to the World Bank. Other countries with double-digit inflation rates include Egypt, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Zambia and Zimbabwe. It is no surprise that some of these countries are among the main Bitcoin economies in Africa. The main Bitcoin countries are Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa and Zimbabwe, according to gobitcoin.io, a website dedicated to Bitcoin news in Africa. The BBC adds that cryptocurrency is gaining ground in Uganda.
” I check my Bitcoin every day on my mobile phone and any chance I can get. Any minute, any hour, anytime, as often as I can,” Peace Akware, a Ugandan millennial, told the BBC.
Zimbabweans and citizens of other African countries transact in Bitcoin “as opposed to their local currencies, which are plagued with hyperinflation,” comments Emmanuel Tokunbo Darko, vice president of marketing for ICOWatchlist.com, a platform that hosts cryptocurrency tokens.
When Zimbabwe’s inflation skyrocketed in 2015, forcing authorities to print $100 trillion notes (each worth just $40), some Zimbabweans turned to Bitcoin.
The Plaas Application is a mobile app that enables farmers to manage their stock on the blockchain.
As of December 2017, the global demand for cryptocurrency had increased to the extent that a Bitcoin sold for $20,000. Its value had been $1,000 one year prior.
Another recommendation is that transactions are anonymous, and users’ information is private and safe; there is little possibility of identity theft, which is common with other forms of digital payment.
Industry experts believe that cryptocurrency will be around for years. That Bitcoin users can send money to just about anywhere there is an internet connection for relatively small fees and with no third-party interference is an advantage that standard government-issued currencies can not offer.
Despite some analysts likening Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to a Ponzi scheme, many Africans are taking the risk to invest in them.
Fearing a collapse of the banking industry or arbitrary appropriation of money by the government, Africans without access to banks and who live in politically unstable countries could be attracted to cryptocurrency. “Bitcoin transactions help to eliminate the procedural bottlenecks that plague traditional banking and financial services,” Mr. Darko explains.
There is also the fact that cryptocurrency can be used by criminals to funnel funds. In 2011 Bitcoin was a currency of choice for drug peddlers, according to the US Justice Department, which seized almost $48 million worth of illegal contrabands that year, and discovered that the criminals involved had made transactions totaling 150,000 Bitcoins (approximately $130 million.
Some 15 cryptocurrency-related operations began in Africa in the past year alone, reports Mr. Sharma. But South Africa– based Luno Exchange, established in 2013 and now boasting 1.5 million customers in over 40 countries worldwide, is the first to be based in Africa.
There are reports that South Africa’s central bank is actively studying cryptocurrency and may institute guidelines to foster innovation. Those guidelines could be a slippery slope to regulation. The Sunday Times of South Africa reported in March that 27,500 individuals, including South Africans, lost more than $50 million when they were duped into transferring their Bitcoins into an online wallet. The publication called it “one of the biggest scams to hit South Africa.”.
Other experts, such as Mr. Darko, believe Africa should warmly embrace the innovation. “Truth be told, Africa needs blockchain technology and its resultant cryptocurrencies more than any part of the world,” he says.
That African governments are not now regulating cryptocurrency may be a factor spurring its growth on the continent; however, there is no guarantee that governments will not change their current mindset.
” I started mining Bitcoin in September 2017 and, so far, this is the best business I have ever tried,” Gladys Laboi told Africa Renewal, adding: “Under six months, I earned $800 after investing in $700.”.
Quartz Africa, an online business news publication, reported last December that a similar scheme, Mavrodi Mundial Moneybox (MMM), once had over two million users in Nigeria, while also operating in Ghana, Kenya, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Not to be left out, some governments are moving into the virtual currency terrain. Tunisia’s eDinar is a government-issued digital currency. Senegal is in the process of creating eCFA, which, if successful, could be emulated by other Francophone countries in Africa.
Launched in 2013, Kenya’s BitPesa facilitates virtual remittances transfers to both African and international locations, to and from individuals’ mobile wallets, where cryptocurrency is stored. LocalBitcoins.com in Kenya reported trading volumes in excess of $1.8 million as of December 2017, underlining the lucrativeness of the business.
Others, particularly cryptocurrency-based remittance services, are popping up in various countries. These services include Abra, which operates in Malawi and Morocco, GeoPay in South Africa, BitMari in Zimbabwe and London-based Kobocoin, which was launched by Nigerian entrepreneur Felix Onyemechi Ugoji.
Rather than simply not wanting to, governments may be powerless to regulate cryptocurrency, the Nigerian central bank indicated recently. Currently tackling the country’s 12% inflation rate, the Nigerian apex bank announced that it could not control or regulate Bitcoin, “just the same way no one is going to control or regulate the internet. We don’t own it.”
At 22% (the world average is 48%), Africa has the lowest rate of Internet usage of any region, according to a 2017 report by the International Communications Union, which may undercut optimistic projections of cryptocurrency and blockchain technology on the continent. Also, poor power supply in many countries continues to impede the internet access on which cryptocurrency largely depends.
There will be government-issued cryptocurrencies in Africa in the near future, predicts Shireen Ramjoo, ceo of Liquid Crypto-Money, a South Africa-based cryptocurrency consulting firm.
Countries such as Bangladesh, Ecuador and Kyrgyzstan believe the risks outweigh the gains and have banned Bitcoin as well as initial coin offerings or ICOs, which are used by start-ups to evade the demand for capital by banks and other financing institutions.
Without regulations, cryptocurrency is a double-edged sword; there may be gains from time to time, but any precipitous crash in price could leave investors with no escape route. Manasseh Egedegbe, an investment manager based in Nigeria, says that Bitcoin’s frenzied prize surge seems like the dot-com bubble at the turn of the millennium.
” Every single computer device on the surface of the planet with an internet connection can access information on the blockchain and make ‘transactional’ inputs onto it. The information can not be distorted, deleted, modified or destroyed, and computer device has the same information as everybody,” says Mr. Darko.
Nevertheless, some industry watchers refer to cryptocurrency as a risky and temperamental scheme, citing the crash to $8,700 in the value of Bitcoin last February, from a high of $20,000 in December 2017.
Africa Must Wake Up || Dr.Coach Achu Gustave (AEC-Sr.)
The Issue With Education /IT Education Across The African Continent
𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑚 𝑖𝑛 𝐼𝑇 𝐸𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛/𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑎𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝐴𝑓𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑎 𝑖𝑠𝑛’𝑡 𝑤ℎ𝑒𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑟 𝑙𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑖𝑠 𝑜𝑓𝑓𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑒 𝑜𝑟 𝑜𝑛𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑒. 𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝑖𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑒 𝑖𝑠 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑘 𝑜𝑓 𝑎𝑛 𝑎𝑑𝑣𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒𝑑 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑚𝑒𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑑𝑜𝑙𝑜𝑔𝑦 𝑡ℎ𝑎𝑡 ℎ𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑙𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡𝑠 𝑔𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑢𝑠 𝑑𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑝𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡: 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑑𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑎𝑟𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝑠𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑜𝑟𝑑𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑜𝑐𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑎𝑛 𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡/𝑜𝑏𝑗𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 (𝑒.𝑔. 𝑎𝑛 𝑎𝑑𝑣𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒𝑑-𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑡 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙: 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑇𝐼𝐴 𝐴𝑑𝑣𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒𝑑 𝑆𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑒𝑟 (𝐶𝐴𝑆𝑃), 𝑜𝑟 𝑆𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐶𝑖𝑠𝑐𝑜 𝑁𝑒𝑡𝑤𝑜𝑟𝑘 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ 𝑇ℎ𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑡 𝐷𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝐴𝑛𝑎𝑙𝑦𝑠𝑖𝑠 (𝑆𝐶𝑌𝐵𝐸𝑅) 𝑜𝑟 𝐶𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑒𝑑 𝐼𝑛𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑆𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑚𝑠 𝑆𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙 (𝐶𝐼𝑆𝑆𝑃).
𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝑝𝑎𝑡ℎ 𝑡𝑜 𝑎𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑒𝑣𝑒 𝑒𝑖𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑎𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑒𝑑 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑡 𝑙𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑠 𝑖𝑛 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑢𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑦 𝑤𝑜𝑢𝑙𝑑 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑓𝑜𝑙𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑒𝑛𝑡ℎ𝑟𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑟𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑡ℎ𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑑𝑠 𝑡ℎ𝑎𝑡 𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑙𝑦 𝑑𝑖𝑠𝑎𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑐𝑡/𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒 𝑛𝑜𝑡 𝑗𝑢𝑠𝑡 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑑 𝐼𝑇 𝐸𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑖𝑛 𝐴𝑓𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑎, 𝑏𝑢𝑡 𝐸𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑎𝑠 𝑎 𝑤ℎ𝑜𝑙𝑒!!
𝟭. 𝗘𝗱𝘂𝗰𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗮𝘁 𝗜𝗻𝗳𝗮𝗻𝗰𝘆 & 𝗢𝗿𝗽𝗵𝗮𝗻𝗵𝗼𝗼𝗱:
𝐸𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑖𝑠 𝑗𝑢𝑠𝑡 𝑛𝑜𝑡 𝑎𝑡 𝑖𝑛𝑓𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑦 𝑖𝑛 𝐴𝑓𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑎, 𝑠ℎ𝑒 𝑖𝑠 𝑎𝑙𝑠𝑜 𝑎𝑡 𝑜𝑟𝑝ℎ𝑎𝑛ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑑; 𝑠ℎ𝑒 ℎ𝑎𝑠 𝑛𝑜 𝑠𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑟 𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑔𝑖𝑛 𝑡𝑜 𝑛𝑢𝑟𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒, 𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑠𝑒, 𝑜𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑟 ℎ𝑒𝑟 𝑡𝑜 𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑦; 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑜𝑢𝑠 𝑎𝑏𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑔𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑖𝑛𝑒 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑠𝑜𝑝ℎ𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑢𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑦 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑠, 𝑖𝑠 𝑎 𝑠ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑟 𝑒𝑥𝑎𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑒 𝑎𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑛𝑡. 𝑊ℎ𝑦?
𝑇ℎ𝑒 𝑎𝑏𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑏𝑜𝑡ℎ 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑐ℎ𝑟𝑜𝑛𝑜𝑙𝑜𝑔𝑦 (𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑑𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛, 𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑑𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑡𝑜 𝑠𝑢𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠): 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑜𝑢𝑟𝑠𝑒, 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑎𝑏𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑎 𝑔𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑖𝑛𝑒/𝑒𝑐ℎ𝑡 𝑟𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑚𝑎𝑝 𝑡𝑜 𝑠𝑢𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝑖𝑠 𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑢𝑒𝑑 𝑏𝑦 𝑜𝑟𝑝ℎ𝑎𝑛ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑑 (𝑎𝑏𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔/𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔); 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 𝑎𝑠 𝑛𝑎𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑠, ℎ𝑎𝑣𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑛𝑎𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑡𝑜 𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑑𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑠𝑢𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑𝑟𝑒𝑛; 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑦 ℎ𝑎𝑣𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑡𝑜 𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑝 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑟𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑚𝑎𝑝 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑢𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠. 𝐼𝑛 𝑒𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛, 𝑒.𝑔. 𝐼𝑇 𝐸𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛, 𝑤ℎ𝑜 𝑎𝑟𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠? 𝑀𝑖𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑜𝑓𝑡 𝑜𝑟 𝐻𝑎𝑟𝑣𝑎𝑟𝑑 𝑈𝑛𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦? 𝐶𝐼𝑆𝐶𝑂 𝑜𝑟 𝑈𝑛𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑜𝑓 𝐵𝑢𝑒𝑎? 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑇𝐼𝐴 𝑜𝑟 𝑈𝑛𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑜𝑓 𝐾𝑖𝑔𝑎𝑙𝑖? 𝐸𝐶-𝐶𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑙 𝑜𝑟 𝑈𝑛𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑜𝑓 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑒-𝑡𝑜𝑤𝑛?
𝑆ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑙𝑑 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑𝑟𝑒𝑛 𝑏𝑒 𝑛𝑢𝑟𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑔𝑒𝑡-𝑔𝑜 𝑏𝑦 𝑎 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑟 𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑢𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑦, 𝑛𝑜𝑡 𝑜𝑛𝑙𝑦 𝑤𝑜𝑢𝑙𝑑 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑦 𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑠 𝑎 𝑟𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑚𝑎𝑝 𝑡𝑜 𝑏𝑒𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑔𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑖𝑛𝑒 𝑔𝑒𝑛𝑖𝑢𝑠𝑒𝑠 -𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑠, 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑦’𝑙𝑙 ℎ𝑎𝑣𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑑𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑝𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑖𝑡.
𝟮. 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗰𝗼𝗺𝗽𝗹𝗲𝘁𝗲 𝗮𝗯𝘀𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝟭𝟬,𝟬𝟬𝟬-𝗵𝗼𝘂𝗿 𝗿𝘂𝗹𝗲:
𝐼𝑛 𝐴𝑓𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑎 𝑒𝑡 𝑎𝑙, 𝑤𝑒’𝑟𝑒 𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑙 𝑏𝑒𝑔𝑢𝑖𝑙𝑒𝑑 𝑏𝑦 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑚𝑜𝑠𝑡 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠; 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑𝑟𝑒𝑛 𝑎𝑟𝑒 𝑒𝑛𝑟𝑜𝑙𝑙𝑒𝑑 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑜 𝑜𝑟𝑝ℎ𝑎𝑛ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑑 𝑒𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 (𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑡 𝑎 𝑝𝑎𝑡ℎ 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑎 𝑛𝑎𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟; 𝑒.𝑔. 𝑀𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑑𝑒𝑠 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑎𝑢𝑡𝑜𝑚𝑜𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝑀𝑖𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑜𝑓𝑡/𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑇𝐼𝐴, 𝐶𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑡 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑎𝑛 𝐼𝑇 𝑟𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑚𝑎𝑝.) 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑛 𝑤𝑒 𝑠𝑢𝑑𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑙𝑦 𝑑𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑚 𝑡𝑜 𝑏𝑒𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑠 𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑢𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑑𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑝𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑑!!
𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑠𝑒 𝑖𝑠 𝑙𝑖𝑘𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 10,000-ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑟 𝑟𝑢𝑙𝑒: 𝑖𝑡’𝑠 𝑎𝑏𝑜𝑢𝑡 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑎𝑛 𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑝𝑢𝑛𝑐ℎ 𝑡𝑒𝑛 𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑠𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑠. 𝐼𝑛 𝑜𝑢𝑟 𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 “𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙” 𝑒𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑𝑟𝑒𝑛 𝑑𝑜𝑛’𝑡 𝑔𝑒𝑡 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑡𝑜 𝑏𝑒𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑠 (𝑜𝑟 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑡𝑜 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟); 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑖𝑟 𝑑𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑝𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑑 𝑖𝑠𝑛’𝑡 𝑠𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑜𝑛 𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑔ℎ 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑖𝑟 𝑓𝑢𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑠 𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝑛𝑜𝑡 𝑖𝑛𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑛𝑒.
𝐴𝑐𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑡𝑜 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑏𝑠 22:6, 𝑠𝑢𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑓𝑢𝑙 𝑝𝑒𝑜𝑝𝑙𝑒 𝑎𝑟𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑠𝑒 𝑤ℎ𝑜 𝑜𝑏𝑡𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑑 𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑤𝑎𝑦 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑑 (𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑛 𝑢𝑝 𝑎 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑 𝑖𝑛 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑤𝑎𝑦 ℎ𝑒 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑙𝑑 𝑔𝑜: 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑤ℎ𝑒𝑛 ℎ𝑒 𝑖𝑠 𝑜𝑙𝑑, ℎ𝑒 𝑤𝑖𝑙𝑙 𝑛𝑜𝑡 𝑑𝑒𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑡 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑖𝑡.), 𝑛𝑜𝑡 𝑔𝑒𝑛𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑒𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑜𝑟 𝑤ℎ𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑤𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝑖𝑡, 𝑏𝑢𝑡 𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔!!
𝐶ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑑 𝑒𝑛𝑛𝑜𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑦 𝑡𝑜 𝑡𝑎𝑘𝑒 𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑒; 𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑ℎ𝑜𝑜𝑑 𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑦 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑑𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑝𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡; 𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑦 𝑑𝑎𝑤𝑑𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝑎𝑑𝑣𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒𝑠 𝑠𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑒 𝑑𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝑡𝑜𝑤𝑎𝑟𝑑𝑠 𝑠𝑢𝑐𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠.
𝟯. 𝗜𝗻𝗰𝗼𝗴𝗻𝗶𝘇𝗮𝗻𝘁 𝗥𝗲𝗳𝗼𝗿𝗺𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗣𝗿𝗼𝗴𝗿𝗮𝗺𝘀:
𝑆𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠 𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑢𝑛𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑓𝑢𝑙 𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚𝑠 𝑡𝑜 𝑏𝑟𝑖𝑑𝑔𝑒 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑔𝑎𝑝 𝑜𝑓 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑦 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑, 𝑒𝑠𝑝𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑦 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑐ℎ𝑖𝑙𝑑𝑟𝑒𝑛 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑎𝑑𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑠 𝑏𝑒𝑡𝑤𝑒𝑒𝑛 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑎𝑔𝑒𝑠 13-18, 𝑎𝑛𝑑/ 𝑜𝑟 𝑎𝑓𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑖𝑟 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑒𝑑 𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑎𝑟𝑦 𝑒𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 (𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑦): 𝑤𝑖𝑡ℎ𝑜𝑢𝑡 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑒 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒 𝑖𝑡 𝑤𝑜𝑢𝑙𝑑 𝑡𝑎𝑘𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑟𝑎𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑟 𝑡ℎ𝑎𝑛 𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑑𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑝𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑦 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝑠𝑢𝑐ℎ 𝑏𝑒𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠, 𝑡𝑒𝑐ℎ𝑛𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑚𝑠 𝑎𝑟𝑒 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑢𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑎𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑢𝑟 (𝑟𝑜𝑜𝑘𝑖𝑒) 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙𝑠 𝑎𝑟𝑒 𝑠𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑡𝑜 𝑗𝑜𝑖𝑛 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑤𝑜𝑟𝑘𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝑏𝑖𝑟𝑡ℎ 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑚𝑜𝑠𝑡 𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑔𝑔𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑒𝑠!!!
𝐓𝐨 𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐨𝐥𝐯𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐚𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐞𝐬𝐚𝐢𝐝 𝐢𝐬𝐬𝐮𝐞𝐬 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐛𝐫𝐢𝐝𝐠𝐞 𝐚𝐧 𝐢𝐦𝐩𝐫𝐞𝐠𝐧𝐚𝐛𝐥𝐞 𝐠𝐚𝐛 𝐭𝐨𝐰𝐚𝐫𝐝𝐬 𝐚𝐜𝐜𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐭𝐚𝐛𝐥𝐞 𝐝𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐩𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐚𝐜𝐫𝐨𝐬𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐞𝐧𝐭, 𝐁𝐓𝐇 𝐄𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐆𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐩 𝐡𝐚𝐬 𝐟𝐨𝐬𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐞𝐝 𝐯𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐨𝐮𝐬 𝐝𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐥𝐨𝐩𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐚𝐥 𝐰𝐚𝐝𝐬:
– 𝘗𝘳𝘰𝘧𝘦𝘴𝘴𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭 𝘌𝘢𝘳𝘭𝘺-𝘊𝘩𝘪𝘭𝘥 𝘌𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 (𝘗𝘌𝘊𝘌), 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘢𝘯 𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘦𝘤𝘪𝘢𝘭 𝘧𝘰𝘤𝘶𝘴 𝘰𝘯 𝘪𝘯𝘥𝘶𝘴𝘵𝘳𝘺 𝘷𝘪𝘳𝘵𝘶𝘰𝘴𝘪𝘵𝘺 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘐𝘛 𝘦𝘵 𝘢𝘭, 𝘤𝘳𝘢𝘧𝘵𝘴𝘮𝘢𝘯𝘴𝘩𝘪𝘱 𝘷𝘪𝘢 𝘢𝘯 𝘢𝘥𝘷𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦𝘥 𝘱𝘦𝘳𝘴𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭 𝘥𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘭𝘰𝘱𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵 𝘱𝘢𝘵𝘩: 𝘩𝘵𝘵𝘱𝘴://𝘣𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘨𝘳𝘰𝘶𝘱.𝘰𝘳𝘨/𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘧𝘦𝘴𝘴𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭-𝘦𝘢𝘳𝘭𝘺-𝘤𝘩𝘪𝘭𝘥-𝘦𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯
– 𝘐𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘯𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭 𝘊𝘰𝘳𝘱𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘋𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘭𝘰𝘱𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵 𝘗𝘳𝘰𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮 : 𝘢𝘯 𝘪𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘯𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭 𝘢𝘥𝘷𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘦𝘥 𝘳𝘦𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘮𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯 𝘱𝘳𝘰𝘨𝘳𝘢𝘮 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘤𝘰𝘳𝘱𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘦 𝘥𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘭𝘰𝘱𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵 . (+18) : 𝘩𝘵𝘵𝘱𝘴://𝘣𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘥𝘶𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘨𝘳𝘰𝘶𝘱.𝘰𝘳𝘨/𝘪𝘯𝘵𝘦𝘳𝘯𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘢𝘭-𝘤𝘰𝘳𝘱𝘰𝘳𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯-𝘥𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘭𝘰𝘱𝘮𝘦𝘯𝘵-𝘪𝘤𝘥
𝐅𝐨𝐫 𝐦𝐨𝐫𝐞 𝐢𝐧𝐟𝐨𝐫𝐦𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐛𝐨𝐮𝐭 𝐁𝐓𝐇 𝐄𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝐆𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐩, 𝐯𝐢𝐬𝐢𝐭, 𝐰𝐰𝐰.𝐛𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐠𝐫𝐨𝐮𝐩.𝐨𝐫𝐠
African Entrepreneurs creating Jobs and Employment in Their Communities – Olasupo Abideen
Africa Must Wake Up || Dr.Coach Achu Gustave (AEC-Sr.)
Are You Ready For The Future?
Promising investment & business opportunities in africa that are creating wealth and jobs – VIRTUAL EDUCATION
Promising Business & Investment Opportunities – AFRICAN FOOD BRANDS AND PACKAGING FOR EXPORT
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